Though many have never played a game of baccarat, most have surely heard about it onetime or the other. It is so because in most of the casinos you will find the game in a separate exclusive section; the aura of exclusivity is extremely intimidating and it is mostly considered a game of the rich and high rollers. The truth is that the game is not as intimidating as it seems and this article will help you to give an insight into the origin of this interesting game.
Baccarat has an interesting history which can be traced back to the 15th century. Though there is confusion whether the game has French or Italian root, many believe it can be traced back to an ancient pagan ritual. According to this belief, the fate of a virgin was decided by the ritual where she had to toss a nine sided dice. If the result was 8 or 9 she would become the priestess, if it was 6 or 7 she could never take part in any other religious activities and if the result was a number below 6 then she would have to drown herself in the sea.
According to the other versions, baccarat originated in Italy and the word baccarat means 0 in Italian. It was Felix Faligurierein, an Italian gamble, who came up with the game. The game soon became popular in France as well where it was the nobility was took it up initially. The game soon became associated with wealth and status. In France, the game was renamed Chemin de Fer and the rules were slightly changed. It is because of this fact, there is a confusion regarding the actual origin of baccarat.
In Chemin de Fer, the players were allowed to control the bank and the casinos made money by adding a commission on the wins of the banker. However, as the game moved further and began to be played in Britain, further changes were made according to which the casinos controlled the banks and the dealer conducted the games. It was renamed as European baccarat.
In the 20th century, though baccarat was introduced in North America, it failed to gain much popularity. During the mid 20th century the game found popularity in Argentina amongst the rich and wealthy section of the society. In Cuba, the baccarat was known as Punto Banco and rules were changed further which ultimately led to the rise of American version and it was Tommy Renzoni who brought baccarat to the casinos of Las Vegas.Tags : Article